In many states, one of the top policy objectives is to provide a K-12 and college education for as many people as possible in the belief that a well-educated citizenry is good for a state’s future wellbeing.
In Georgia, we see things a little differently. This state for years has made deep cuts in funding for public education, which has had the effect of keeping students out of the classrooms.
You could call it the “Santorum philosophy” after presidential candidate Rick Santorum, who remarked last year: “President Obama said he wants everybody in America to go to college. What a snob!”
There was a reminder of this at a recent meeting of the Board of Regents, where we learned that enrollment in Georgia’s public colleges declined for the second year in a row.
Enrollment is 309,000 for the fall semester that just started, dropping from last year’s total of 314,000. That was a decline from the peak enrollment of 318,000 during 2011.
“There’s not going to be a quick turnaround,” Vice Chancellor John Brown said. “We can expect another decline in the fall of 2014.”
Among older students who work for a few years after graduating from high school and then go to college, enrollment rates have declined: there’s been a 6.2 percent decrease of students in the 25-34 age group and a 4.5 percent decrease in students 35 and older. That has also been the trend for colleges nationally.
In recent years, conservative state legislators have put pressure on the regents to oust undocumented immigrant students from public colleges. The regents have resisted that pressure, but adopted policies that make it more expensive for immigrants to attend a University System institution.
A new admissions policy screens out students who need extensive remedial help in English or math. Changes to financial-aid programs such as the federal Pell Grant and the HOPE scholarship have also made it more difficult for some students to pay college expenses.
The biggest factor of all is this: As the Legislature has cut funding for the university system, it’s become too expensive for some people to go to college.
In 2000 and 2001, the university system received budget funding that averaged more than $8,200 per college student. By 2012, the funding per student had declined to $5,561.
State funding once covered 75 percent of the cost of educating a public college student, with the other 25 percent covered by tuition payments. As state funding has decreased, the university system has increased tuition to make up the shortfall.
Today, the state budget covers only 48 percent of the cost of higher education. Tuition makes up the rest.
What’s happening at the college level is happening at the K-12 level. A decade of cutbacks in formula funding has left some local school systems so strapped for money that they are eliminating days from the school calendar.
School systems formerly opened their classroom doors to students 180 days a year. Now, because of state funding cuts, some local systems have to eliminate as many as 36 days from the academic calendar.
So it is with higher education. As years of funding cuts have piled up, the university system has raised tuition. In the process, we have priced many potential students out of college.
The last governor to increase funding for education, Roy Barnes, got voted out of office. Sonny Perdue and Nathan Deal have presided over major decreases in funding, but neither of them suffered for it at the ballot box.
A majority of Georgia’s voters are evidently comfortable with the choice to reduce education funding.
I wonder if some day we won’t regret that choice.
(Tom Crawford is editor of The Georgia Report, an internet news service at gareport.com that reports on government and politics in Georgia. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.)